PANS PANDAS UK
Paediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS) and Paediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal Infections (PANDAS) are infection-induced autoimmune conditions that result in an inflammation of the brain and cause a variety of neuropsychiatric conditions.
PANS is caused by an infectious trigger (a virus) or non-infectious agents (such as environmental triggers). PANDAS is a subset of PANS. It is associated with streptococcal infections such as sinusitis, ear infections, or scarlet fever.
For a child to be diagnosed with PANS or PANDAS, they must have experienced a sudden onset of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), tics, or severely restricted food along with two (or more) symptoms from the list below:
- Anxiety (particularly separation anxiety)
- Sensory and/or motor abnormalities
- Emotional lability (extreme emotions that can fluctuate rapidly)
- Irritability, aggression and/or severe oppositional behaviours
- Deterioration in school performance
- Memory deficits, cognitive changes, hyperactivity, inattention, impulsivity
- Behavioural and/or developmental regression
- Sleep disturbances, enuresis, or urinary frequency
- Hallucinations and/or psychosis
- Concerns that their food is contaminated
- Trichotillomania (hair-pulling)
- Enlarged pupils
PANS PANDAS UK educate and raise awareness of PANS and PANDAS. It is their mission to ensure that every GP surgery, hospital, and tertiary centre in the UK recognises the symptoms of PANS and PANDAS, and understands the treatment protocol and pathway.
Their website features information and resources for families, medical professionals, and educators. There is also an online shop, a blog, and events page, and a newsletter.
PANS PANDAS UK is a registered charity (no. 1178484).
- Free at the point of access - supported by the PANS/PANDA UK charity
- National Organisation
- Age range
- Suitable for ages from 4 years to 19 years
- Referral Route
- No Referral Needed
- Type of Service
- Advice and Information Services
- Eligibility Criteria
- Open to Everyone
- Provider Category
- Specialist Services - For those who require longer-term support
- Special Needs
- Medical Conditions
Follow this service
Publication on the Local Offer does not endorse a provider, so please take reasonable steps to ensure that any service found on the Local Offer is suitable for your family member. For more information please read our disclaimer.
Last updated 21 August 2023